Study Guide  

When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples. JH 18:1 And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither [met there WU] with his disciples. JH 18:2 Judas then, having received a band of men [detachment of soldiers] and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons. JH 18:3 Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should [would WU] come upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom [do WU] seek ye? JH 18:4 They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them. JH 18:5 As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he, they went backward, and fell to the ground. JH 18:6 Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye? And they said, Jesus of Nazareth. JH 18:7 Jesus answered, I have told you that I am he: if therefore ye seek me, let these [men WU] go their way: JH 18:8 That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none. JH 18:9 Then Simon Peter having a sword drew it, and smote [struck] the high priest's servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant's name was Malchus. JH 18:10 Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it? JH 18:11

Then the band [detachment of soldiers WU] and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him, JH 18:12 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year. JH 18:13 Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people. JH 18:14 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace [court] of the high priest. JH 18:15 But Peter stood at the door without [outside]. Then went out that other disciple, which was known unto the high priest, and spake unto her that kept [watched WU] the door, and brought in Peter. JH 18:16 Then saith the damsel that kept the door unto Peter, Art not thou also one of this man's disciples? He saith, I am not. JH 18:17 And the servants and officers stood there, who had made a fire of coals; for it was cold: and they warmed themselves: and Peter stood with them, and warmed himself. JH 18:18

The high priest then asked Jesus of [about] his disciples, and of his doctrine [teaching]. JH 18:19 Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever [always] taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither [where] the Jews always resort [meet]; and in secret have I said nothing. JH 18:20 Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have said unto them: behold, they know what I said. JH 18:21 And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so [like that]? JH 18:22 Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil [wrong WU], bear witness [testify] of the evil: but if well [correctly WU], why smitest [struck WU] thou me? JH 18:23

Now [next WU] Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest. JH 18:24 And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. They said therefore unto him, Art not thou also one of his disciples? He denied it, and said, I am not. JH 18:25 One of the servants of the high priest, being his kinsman [a relative of him] whose ear Peter cut off, saith, Did not I see thee in the garden with him? JH 18:26 Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew [rooster crowed]. JH 18:27

Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the [Roman governor's WU] hall of judgment: and it was early [morning WU]; and they [the Jews WU] themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be [ceremonially WU] defiled; but [so WU] that they might eat the passover. JH 18:28 Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man? JH 18:29 They answered and said unto him, If he were not a malefactor [criminal WU], we would not have delivered him up unto thee. JH 18:30 Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews therefore said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death: JH 18:31 [this happened WU] That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should [would WU] die. JH 18:32 Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews? JH 18:33 Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of [by] thyself, or did others tell it thee of me [tell you about me]? JH 18:34 Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me: what hast thou done? JH 18:35 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should [would] not be delivered [handed over WU] to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence [here]. JH 18:36 JESUS From Father Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause [reason] came I into the world, that I should bear witness [testify] unto the truth. Every one that is of the [on the side of WU] truth heareth my voice [listens to me WU]. JH 18:37 HELPS BELIEVE Right & Wrong Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all. JH 18:38 But ye have a custom, that I should release unto you one [prisoner WU] at the passover: will ye [do you want] therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews? JH 18:39 Then cried [shouted] they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber. JH 18:40

Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him [had him flogged WU]. JH 19:1 And the soldiers platted [braided WU] a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe, JH 19:2 And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote [struck] him [in the face WU] with their hands. JH 19:3 Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him. JH 19:4 Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man! JH 19:5 When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him [yourselves], and crucify him: for I find no fault in him. JH 19:6 The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself [claimed to be WU] the Son of God. JH 19:7 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid; JH 19:8 And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence [where] art thou [from]? But Jesus gave him no answer. JH 19:9 Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee? JH 19:10 Jesus answered, Thou couldest [would] have no power at all against me, except [unless] it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin. JH 19:11 And from thenceforth [then on WU] Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar's friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar. JH 19:12 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha. JH 19:13

And it was the preparation [day] of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King! JH 19:14 But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar. JH 19:15 Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified.

And they took Jesus, and led him away. JH 19:16 And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha: JH 19:17 Where they crucified him, and two other[s] with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst [middle]. JH 19:18 And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. JH 19:19 This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh [near] to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin. JH 19:20 Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews. JH 19:21 Pilate answered, What I have written I have written. JH 19:22 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts [shares WU], to every soldier a part; and also his coat [tunic remained WU]: now the coat was without seam, woven [in one piece WU] from the top throughout. JH 19:23 They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend [tear] it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: [this happened WU] that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment [garments] among them, and for my vesture [clothing WU] they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did. JH 19:24 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. JH 19:25

When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son! JH 19:26 Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home. JH 19:27 After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished [completed WU], [so WU] that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst. JH 19:28 Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it upon [a stalk of WU] hyssop, and put it to his mouth. JH 19:29 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost [his spirit]. JH 19:30

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